Hungary is a landlocked country in
Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia
Croatia and Slovenia. It is known locally as the Country of
the Magyars. Tradition holds that the Country of the Magyars (Hungary)
was founded by Árpád, who led the Magyars into the Pannonian
plains after 895. The Kingdom of Hungary was established in 1000
by King St. Stephen I.
The music of Hungary consists mainly of traditional Hungarian folk music and music by prominent Romantic and Baroque composers such as Franz Liszt, Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály (although the latter mainly composed music with traditional elements). Hungarian traditional music tends to have a strong dactylic rhythm, just as the language is invariably stressed on the first syllable of each word.